Real Life Situation: An elephant in Kenya killed two people and then buried them. (Elephants sometimes bury their own dead under leaves and stay with the body for days after the death).
Central Knowledge question: How can scientists measure and assess the emotions of animals?
Subsidiary knowledge question #1: How can scientists limit the interference of their own emotions when researching the emotions of animals?
Subsidiary knowledge question #2: To what extent should ethical decisions regarding animal welfare depend on how much an animal can feel?
Other real life situation #1: Jaak Panksepp’s experiments which show that rats laugh when they are tickled.
Other real life situation #2: Because of Robert Elwood’s research that shows that lobsters can feel pain, there is a movement to stop them being boiled alive.