- “The physician should strive to achieve a lifelong dedication to continuing education, to keep abreast of medical knowledge and technology, and to support its progress and development.
- The physician should be aware of the dignity and responsibility of his/her occupation and strive to enhance his/her cultural refinement, education, and integrity.
- The physician should respect the individuality of his/her patients, treat them with compassion, provide full explanations of all medical treatment, and endeavor to earn the trust of the patient.
- The physician should maintain respect for his/her fellow physician, cooperate with medical care personnel and serve the cause of medical care to the best of his/her abilities.
- The physician should respect the spirit of public service that characterizes health care, contribute to the development of society while abiding by legal standards and establishing legal order.
- The physician will not engage in medical activities for profit-making motives.”
clearly describe what is expected of doctors in Japan. May 2020 Theory of Knowledge (TOK) Essay Prescribed Title #2 requires a student to compare / contrast a description and an explanation. The JMA’s principles are a clear (but basic) description and to some extent they are an explanation of how Japanese doctors conduct themselves.
However, the principles do not offer an in-depth explanation of what the principles mean in practice. #6, for example, states that doctors will not “engage in medical activities for profit-making motives.” and yet there are private hospitals and clinics all over Japan where one could assume there are definitely “profit-making motives.”